Context-Aware Attribute-Based Techniques for Data Security and Access Control in Mobile Cloud Environment

Li, F. (2015). Context-Aware Attribute-Based Techniques for Data Security and Access Control in Mobile Cloud Environment. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)

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Abstract

The explosive growth of mobile applications and Cloud computing has enabled smart mobile devices to host various Cloud-based services such as Google apps, Instagram, and Facebook. Recent developments in smart devices‟ hardware and software provide seamless interaction between the users and devices. As a result, in contrast to the traditional user, the mobile user in mobile Cloud environment generates a large volume of data which can be easily collected by mobile Cloud service providers. However, the users do not know the exact physical location of their personal data. Hence, the users cannot control over their data once it is stored in the Cloud. This thesis investigates security and privacy issues in such mobile Cloud environments and presents new user-centric access control techniques tailored for the mobile Cloud environments. Most of the work to date has tried to address the data security issues on the Cloud server and only little attention has been given to protect the users‟ data privacy. One way to address the privacy issues is to deploy access control technique such as Extensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML) to control data access on users‟ data. XACML defines a standard of access control policies, rule obligations and conditions in data access control. XACML utilizes Extensible Markup Language (XML) schema to define attributes of data requesters, resources, and environment in order to evaluate access requests. A user-centric attribute-based access control model using XACML which enables users to define privacy access policies over the personal data based on their preferences is presented. In order to integrate the data security and user‟s privacy in mobile Cloud environment, the thesis investigates attribute-based encryption (ABE) scheme. ABE scheme enables data owners to enforce access policies during the encryption. Context-related attributes such as requester‟s location and behavior are incorporated within ABE scheme to provide data security and user privacy. This will enable the mobile data owners to dynamically control the access to their data at runtime. In order to improve the performance, a solution that offloads the high-cost computational work and communications from the mobile device to the Cloud is proposed. Anonymisation techniques are applied in the key issuing protocol so that the users‟ identities are protected from being tracked by the service providers during transactions. The proposed schemes are secure from known attacks and hence suitable for mobile Cloud environment. Security of the proposed schemes is formally analyzed using standard methods.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/11891

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