Working memory and educational achievement in children with intellectual disabilities

Henry, L. & Winfield, J. (2010). Working memory and educational achievement in children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54(4), pp. 354-365. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01264.x

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Abstract

Background: There is little previous research examining whether measures of working memory are related to educational achievement in children with intellectual disabilities (ID).

Methods: A battery of working memory and achievement measures was administered to 11- to 12-year-old children with ID; younger typically developing children of comparable mental age were also assessed.

Results: The working memory measures that assessed phonological short-term memory (PSTM) accounted for the most variance in reading and spelling in children with ID, whereas the working memory measures that assessed central executive-loaded working memory (CELWM) accounted for the most variance in number skills. These relationships were broadly similar among typically developing children.

Conclusions: Compensatory strategies for weak PSTM may help to improve reading and spelling skills in children with ID, whereas reducing CELWM loads may be more helpful in aiding their number skills.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Henry, L. and Winfield, J. (2010), Working memory and educational achievement in children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54: 354–365., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2788.2010.01264.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords: working memory; educational achievement; intellectual disabilities; children
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
P Language and Literature
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Language & Communication Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/12075

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