Integrated microfluidic technology for sub-lethal and behavioral marine ecotoxicity biotests

Huang, Y., Reyes-Aldasoro, C. C., Persoone, G. & Wlodkowic, D. (2015). Integrated microfluidic technology for sub-lethal and behavioral marine ecotoxicity biotests. Paper presented at the Bio-MEMS and Medical Microdevices II, 5-5-2015 - 6-5-2015, Hotel Alimara, Barcelona, Spain.

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Abstract

Changes in behavioral traits exhibited by small aquatic invertebrates are increasingly postulated as ethically acceptable and more sensitive endpoints for detection of water-born ecotoxicity than conventional mortality assays. Despite importance of such behavioral biotests, their implementation is profoundly limited by the lack of appropriate biocompatible automation, integrated optoelectronic sensors, and the associated electronics and analysis algorithms. This work outlines development of a proof-of-concept miniaturized Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC) platform for rapid water toxicity tests based on changes in swimming patterns exhibited by Artemia franciscana (Artoxkit MTM) nauplii. In contrast to conventionally performed end-point analysis based on counting numbers of dead/immobile specimens we performed a time-resolved video data analysis to dynamically assess impact of a reference toxicant on swimming pattern of A. franciscana. Our system design combined: (i) innovative microfluidic device keeping free swimming Artemia sp. nauplii under continuous microperfusion as a mean of toxin delivery; (ii) mechatronic interface for user-friendly fluidic actuation of the chip; and (iii) miniaturized video acquisition for movement analysis of test specimens. The system was capable of performing fully programmable time-lapse and video-microscopy of multiple samples for rapid ecotoxicity analysis. It enabled development of a user-friendly and inexpensive test protocol to dynamically detect sub-lethal behavioral end-points such as changes in speed of movement or distance traveled by each animal.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: Huang, Y, Reyes-Aldasoro, C, Persoone, G & Wlodkowic, D, "Integrated microfluidic technology for sub-lethal and behavioral marine ecotoxicity biotests," Proc. SPIE 9518, Bio-MEMS and Medical Microdevices II (June 1, 2015). Copyright 2015 Society of Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content of the paper are prohibited. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2180692
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lab-on-a-Chip; Artermia franciscana; ecotoxicity; behaviour; biotest
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/12197

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