Stabilized large mode area in tapered photonic crystal fiber for stable coupling

Uthman, M., Rahman, B. M., Kejalakshmy, N., Agrawal, A., Abana, H. & Grattan, K. T. V. (2012). Stabilized large mode area in tapered photonic crystal fiber for stable coupling. IEEE Photonics Journal, 4(2), pp. 340-349. doi: 10.1109/JPHOT.2012.2188788

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Abstract

A rigorous modal solution approach based on the numerically efficient finite element method (FEM) has been used to design a tapered photonic crystal fiber with a large mode area that could be efficiently coupled to an optical fiber. Here, for the first time, we report that the expanded mode area can be stabilized against possible fabrication tolerances by introducing a secondary surrounding waveguide with larger air holes in the outer ring. A full-vectorial -field approach is employed to obtain mode field areas along the tapered section, and the Least Squares Boundary Residual (LSBR) method is used to obtain the coupling coefficients to a butt-coupled fiber.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2012 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/1243

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