Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-Nation Study. Archives of Suicide Research

Eskin, M., Voracek, M., Tran, T., Sun, J., Janghorbani, M., Giovanni Carta, M., Francesca Moro, M., Yoshimasu, K., Tsuno, K., Khader, Y., Idhail, J., Nawafleh, H., Hamdan, M., Shaheen, A., Kujan, O., Mechri, A., Flood, C., Phillips, L., Poyrazi, S. & Harlak, H. (2016). Suicidal Behavior and Psychological Distress in University Students: A 12-Nation Study. Archives of Suicide Research. Archives of Suicide Research, 20(3), pp. 369-388. doi: 10.1080/13811118.2015.1054055

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Abstract

This study investigated the prevalence of suicidal behavior and psychological distress in university students across 12 nations. A total of 5572 university students from 12 countries were surveyed about suicide ideation, suicide attempts and psychological distress by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Almost 29% of the samples reported having contemplated suicide and 7% reported attempting suicide. Of the total sample, 51.1% scored above the General Health Questionnaire-12 ≥ 3 cut-off point, 41.6% above the GHQ-12 ≥ 4 cut-off point, and 33.8% scored above the GHQ-12 ≥ 5 cut-off point. While odds of suicide ideation were elevated in Austria and the UK, reduced ORs were detected for China, Italy, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, and Turkey. Similarly, while odds of suicide attempt were high in Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, and to some extent in Turkey, reduced ORs were observed for Austria, China, Italy, Japan and the USA. Elevated ORs for psychological distress were seen in Japan, Jordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia and Turkey but reduced ORs were noted in Austria, China, Iran, Italy and the USA. Psychological distress was strongly associated with reports of suicide ideation and attempts. Suicide ideation, suicide attempt and psychological distress are common in university students but their rates vary depending on the sociocultural context. Due attention should be devoted to the mental health needs of young adults enrolled in higher educational institutions and more cross-cultural research is warranted to better understand the etiology of the observed intersocietal variations in suicidal behavior and psychological distress.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article be published by Taylor & Francis in Archives of Suicide Research available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13811118.2015.1054055
Uncontrolled Keywords: Suicide ideation, suicide attempt, psychological distress, cross-cultural comparisons
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: School of Health Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/12468

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