The Link Between Classical Reserving and Granular Reserving Through Double Chain Ladder and its Extensions

Haibu, M., Margraf, C., Miranda, M. D. M. & Nielsen, J. P. (2016). The Link Between Classical Reserving and Granular Reserving Through Double Chain Ladder and its Extensions. British Actuarial Journal, 21(1), pp. 97-116. doi: 10.1017/S1357321715000288

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Abstract

The relationship of the chain ladder method to mathematical statistics has long been debated in actuarial science. During the nineties it became clear that the originally deterministic chain ladder can be seen as an autoregressive time series or as a multiplicative Poisson model. This paper draws on recent research and concludes that chain ladder can be seen as a structured histogram. This gives a direct link between classical aggregate methods and continuous granular methods. When the histogram is replaced by a smooth counter part, we have a continuous chain ladder model. Re-inventing classical chain ladder via double chain ladder and its extensions introduces statistically solid approaches of combining paid and incurred data with direct link to granular data approaches. This paper goes through some of the extensions of double chain ladder and introduces new approaches to incorporating and modelling incurred data.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Stochastic Reserving; General Insurance; Solvency II; Chain Ladder; Reserve Risk; Claims Inflation; Incurred Data; Model Validation; Granular Data
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Cass Business School > Faculty of Actuarial Science & Insurance
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/12534

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