Goal conflict and goal facilitation as predictors of accelerometer-assessed physical activity

Presseau, J., Tait, R., Johnston, D., Francis, J. & Sniehotta, F. F. (2012). Goal conflict and goal facilitation as predictors of accelerometer-assessed physical activity. Health Psychology, 32(12), pp. 1179-1187. doi: 10.1037/a0029430

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Abstract

Objective: To test whether perceptions of conflicting and facilitating personal goals, and actual daily time spent in their pursuit, predict accelerometer-assessed physical activity (PA).

Methods: A prospective multilevel design with a daily accelerometer-based assessment of PA over 1 week was used (N = 106). Participants’ personal goals were elicited using personal projects analysis. Participants then rated their personal goals in terms of how they were perceived to facilitate and conflict with their regular PA. Items assessing PA-specific intention and perceived behavioral control (PBC) were also embedded within the baseline measures. For the subsequent 7 consecutive days, participants completed a daily diary based on the day reconstruction method, indicating the time spent in daily episodes involving each of their personal goals, and wore an RT3 tri-axial accelerometer.

Main Outcome Measure: The main outcome was accelerometer-assessed daily time spent in moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA).

Results: Random intercept multilevel models indicated that perceived goal facilitation, but not perceived goal conflict, predicted MVPA over and above intention and PBC. Daily time pursuing conflicting goals negatively predicted MVPA when subsequently added to the model and in so doing, attenuated the association between perceived goal facilitation and MVPA.

Conclusion: Perceived goal facilitation predicts objectively measured PA over and above intention and PBC, but daily time spent in pursuit of conflicting personal goals provides a better account of how alternative goals relate to engaging in regular PA.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright APA, 2012. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record.
Uncontrolled Keywords: goal conflict, goal facilitation, physical activity, theory of planned behavior, accelerometer
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Healthcare Research Unit
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/13027

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