Investigation of photoplethysmography and arterial blood oxygen saturation from the ear-canal and the finger under conditions of artificially induced hypothermia

Budidha, K. & Kyriacou, P. A. (2015). Investigation of photoplethysmography and arterial blood oxygen saturation from the ear-canal and the finger under conditions of artificially induced hypothermia. Proceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS, 2015-N, pp. 7954-7957. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2015.7320237

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Abstract

Pulse oximeters relay on the technique of photoplethysmography (PPG) to estimate arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2). In conditions of poor peripheral perfusion such as hypotension, hypothermia, and vasoconstriction, pulse oximeters become inaccurate or provide no reading. This is due to the poor quality of the PPG signals detected at that instance. In order to overcome this problem, the ear canal has been proposed as a alternative measurement site for measuring reliable SpO2. Hence, an ear canal PPG sensor was developed along with a PPG processing system. The performance of the sensor was evaluated by measuring the red and infrared PPGs and SpO2 from 10 healthy volunteers undergoing artificially induced hypothermia. The results from the ear canal sensor were compared with simultaneously acquired results from the finger. Hypothermia was induced by exposing the volunteers to cold temperatures of 10 ± 1°C. The results acquired suggest that the ear canal pulse oximeter endures more in estimating SpO2 values accurately when compared with the more common finger pulse oximeter.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2015 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords: biothermics, blood, blood vessels, ear, haemorheology, infrared detectors, medical signal processing, oximetry, photoplethysmography
Subjects: R Medicine
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/13277

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