Photoplethysmographic and SpO(2) readings from the neonatal anterior fontanelle: a case study

May, J. M., Kyriacou, P. A., Honsel, M. & Petros, A. J. (2012). Photoplethysmographic and SpO(2) readings from the neonatal anterior fontanelle: a case study. Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society., 2012, pp. 1619-1622. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346255

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Abstract

There is a need for a more reliable, non-invasive and alternative measurement site for the monitoring of arterial blood oxygen saturation in critically ill neonates when peripheral perfusion is poor. The anterior fontanelle, a unique anatomical feature of the neonate, has been presented as an alternative site for the estimation of arterial blood oxygen saturation (SpO(2)). A new fontanelle photoplethysmographic sensor and processing system has been developed to investigate fontanelle photoplethysmographic (PPG) signals and estimate SpO(2) values at this anatomical location. Preliminary clinical trials have shown that good quality PPG signals with large amplitudes and high signal to noise ratio can be obtained from the neonatal fontanelle. The estimation of SpO(2) values from the fontanelle were in broad agreement with a commercial foot pulse oximeter.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2012 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords: blood vessels, haemodynamics, paediatrics, photoplethysmography
Subjects: R Medicine
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/13283

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