Non-dimensionalisation parameters for predicting the cooling effectiveness of droplets impinging on moderate temperature solid surfaces

Strotos, G., Aleksis, G., Gavaises, M., Nikas, K-S., Nikolopoulos, N. & Theodorakakos, A. (2011). Non-dimensionalisation parameters for predicting the cooling effectiveness of droplets impinging on moderate temperature solid surfaces. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 50(5), pp. 698-711. doi: 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2010.11.021

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Abstract

The conjugate problem of fluid flow and heat transfer during the impact of water droplets onto a heated surface is studied numerically using the Volume of Fluid (VOF) methodology; adaptive grid refinement is used for increased resolution at the droplet moving interface. The phenomenon is assumed to be 2D-axisymmetric and the wall temperature is moderated to prevent the onset of nucleate boiling. Parametric studies examine the effect of Weber number, droplet size, wall initial temperature and liquid thermal properties on the cooling process of the heated plate during the impaction period. The main variables describing the evolution of the phenomenon are non-dimensionalised with expressions arising from the transient conduction theory. It is proved that for all cases examined, these non-dimensional expressions can be grouped together for describing the hydrodynamic and thermal behavior in a similar manner. Additionally, semi-analytic expressions are derived, which, for a given range of variation, describe the spatial distribution and the temporal evolution of the temperature of the wall as well also the heat flux absorbed from the droplet, cooling effectiveness and mean droplet temperature.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2011, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Droplet; Heated wall; VOF; Transient conduction
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/13580

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