Numerical investigation of the evaporation of two-component droplets

Strotos, G., Gavaises, M., Theodorakakos, A. & Bergeles, G. (2011). Numerical investigation of the evaporation of two-component droplets. Fuel, 90(4), pp. 1492-1507. doi: 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.01.017

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Abstract

A numerical model for the complete thermo-fluid-dynamic and phase-change transport processes of two-component hydrocarbon liquid droplets consisting of n-heptane, n-decane and mixture of the two in various compositions is presented and validated against experimental data. The Navier–Stokes equations are solved numerically together with the VOF methodology for tracking the droplet interface, using an adaptive local grid refinement technique. The energy and concentration equations inside the liquid and the gaseous phases for both liquid species and their vapor components are additionally solved, coupled together with a model predicting the local vaporization rate at the cells forming the interface between the liquid and the surrounding gas. The model is validated against experimental data available for droplets suspended on a small diameter pipe in a hot air environment under convective flow conditions; these refer to droplet’s surface temperature and size regression with time. An extended investigation of the flow field is presented along with the temperature and concentration fields. The equilibrium position of droplets is estimated together with the deformation process of the droplet. Finally, extensive parametric studies are presented revealing the nature of multi-component droplet evaporation on the details of the flow, the temperature and concentration fields.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2011, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Droplet evaporation; Multi-component evaporation; VOF; Suspended droplet
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/13581

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