Direct numerical simulation of the flow around an aerofoil in ramp-up motion

Rosti, M. E., Omidyeganeh, M. & Pinelli, A. (2016). Direct numerical simulation of the flow around an aerofoil in ramp-up motion. Physics of Fluids, 28(2), 025106. doi: 10.1063/1.4941529

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Abstract

A detailed analysis of the flow around a NACA0020 aerofoil at Rec = 2 × 104 undergoing a ramp up motion has been carried out by means of direct numerical simulations. During the manoeuvre, the angle of attack is linearly varied in time between 0° and 20° with a constant rate of change of αrad = 0.12 U∞/c. When the angle of incidence has reached the final value, the lift experiences a first overshoot and then suddenly decreases towards the static stall asymptotic value. The transient instantaneous flow is dominated by the generation and detachment of the dynamic stall vortex, a large scale structure formed by the merging of smaller scales vortices generated by an instability originating at the trailing edge. New insights on the vorticity dynamics leading to the lift overshoot, lift crisis, and the damped oscillatory cycle that gradually matches the steady condition are discussed using a number of post-processing techniques. These include a detailed analysis of the flow ensemble average statistics and coherent structures identification carried out using the Q-criterion and the finite-time Lyapunov exponent technique. The results are compared with the one obtained in a companion simulation considering a static stall condition at the final angle of incidence α = 20°.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright 2016 AIP Publishing. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and AIP Publishing. The following article appeared in Rosti, M. E., Omidyeganeh, M. & Pinelli, A. (2016). Direct numerical simulation of the flow around an aerofoil in ramp-up motion. Physics of Fluids, 28(2), 025106., and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4941529
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/13688

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