The language-gesture connection: Evidence from aphasia

Dipper, L., Pritchard, M., Morgan, G. & Cocks, N. (2015). The language-gesture connection: Evidence from aphasia. Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, 29(8-10), pp. 748-763. doi: 10.3109/02699206.2015.1036462

[img]
Preview
Text - Published Version
Available under License : See the attached licence file.

Download (298kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Creative Commons Attribution ­Non-Commercial 4.0 International) - Other
Download (202kB) | Preview

Abstract

A significant body of evidence from cross-linguistic and developmental studies converges to suggest that co-speech iconic gesture mirrors language. This paper aims to identify whether gesture reflects impaired spoken language in a similar way. Twenty-nine people with aphasia (PWA) and 29 neurologically healthy control participants (NHPs) produced a narrative discourse, retelling the story of a cartoon video. Gesture and language were analysed in terms of semantic content and structure for two key motion events. The aphasic data showed an influence on gesture from lexical choices but no corresponding clausal influence. Both the groups produced gesture that matched the semantics of the spoken language and gesture that did not, although there was one particular gesture–language mismatch (semantically “light” verbs paired with semantically richer gesture) that typified the PWA narratives. These results indicate that gesture is both closely related to spoken language impairment and compensatory.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lexical, motion event, semantics
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Language & Communication Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14209

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics