A CMOS Magnitude/Phase Measurement Chip for Impedance Spectroscopy

Kassanos, P., Triantis, I. & Demosthenous, A. (2013). A CMOS Magnitude/Phase Measurement Chip for Impedance Spectroscopy. IEEE Sensors Journal, 13(6), pp. 2229-2236. doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2013.2251628

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Abstract

The measurement of electrical impedance is used in a plethora of biomedical applications. The most common technique used is synchronous demodulation, which provides the real and imaginary parts of the impedance. However, in practice, the method requires elaborate calibration and matching between the injection and monitoring stages. This paper presents the integrated realization of an alternative method that is less intricate to implement. The circuit was fabricated in a 0.35-μm CMOS technology, occupies an active area of 0.4 mm2 , and dissipates about 21 mW of power from ±2.5 V supplies. The chip was used to measure equivalent RC circuits of the electrode-tissue interface over the frequency range of 100 Hz to 100 kHz, showing good correlation with the theoretical results.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2013 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biosensor, CMOS, comparator, impedance spectroscopy, instrumentation amplifier, magnitude phase measurement, synchronous detection
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14322

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