Motivators and barriers for HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Sweden

Persson, K., Berglund, T., Bergström, J., Eriksson, L. E., Tikkanen, R., Thorson, A. & Forsberg, B. (2016). Motivators and barriers for HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Sweden. Journal Of Clinical Nursing, 25(23-24), pp. 3605-3618. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13293

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Abstract

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore motivators and barriers to HIV testing and to assess the factors associated with testing among men who have sex with men.

BACKGROUND: Previous research has considered fear, worries and structural barriers as hindrances to HIV testing among men who have sex with men. However, few studies have included assessments of actual HIV testing when exploring barriers or motivators for such testing. DESIGN: The design of the study was a stratified cross-sectional online survey (n = 2373).

METHOD: Factor analysis was conducted to analyse the barriers and motivators for HIV testing. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess predictors for HIV testing.

RESULTS: Many men who have sex with men test for HIV regularly, and specific reasons for testing were having unprotected sex or starting/ending a relationship. A lack of awareness and a perception of being at low risk for exposure were common reasons for never being tested. Fear and anxiety as well as barriers related to the use of test services remain important hindrances for testing. Predictors associated with having been tested within the past 12 months were: younger age (15-25 years old compared with 47+); knowledge on where to take an HIV test on short notice as well as having talked with a counsellor, having received condoms for free, or having had unprotected anal intercourse with casual partners within the last 12 months.

CONCLUSION: Easily accessible test services offering testing and counselling on short notice should be available for all men who have sex with men. Outreach activities, distribution of free condoms and testing at venues where men who have sex with men meet are important prevention add-ons that can contribute to increased awareness about HIV and testing.

RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Test services must ensure confidentiality and health care professionals who meet men who have sex with men for testing need competency with regards to men who have sex with men sexual health needs.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Persson, K. I., Berglund, T., Bergström, J., Eriksson, L. E., Tikkanen, R., Thorson, A. and Forsberg, B. C. (2016), Motivators and barriers for HIV testing among men who have sex with men in Sweden. Journal of Clinical Nursing, which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13293. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving
Uncontrolled Keywords: factor analysis;HIV testing;HIV testing barriers;HIV testing motivators;men who have sex with men
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RT Nursing
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Adult Nursing
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14584

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