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Criticality in a model of banking crises

Iori, G. and Jafarey, S. (2001). Criticality in a model of banking crises. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, 299(1-2), pp. 205-212. doi: 10.1016/S0378-4371(01)00297-7

Abstract

An interbank market lets participants pool the risk arising from the combination of illiquid investments and random withdrawals by depositors. But it also creates the potential for one bank’s failure to trigger off avalanches of further failures. We simulate a model of interbank lending to study the interplay of these two effects. We show that when banks are similar in size and exposure to risk, avalanche effects are small so that widening the interbank market leads to more stability. But as heterogeneity increases, avalanche effects become more important. By varying the heterogeneity and connectivity across banks, the system enters a critical regime with a power law distribution of avalanche sizes.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2001, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Mathematical Physics; Quantum Physics
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Economics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14607
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