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Investigation of the characteristics of photoplethysmographic signals in the human oesophagus in anaesthetised patients undergoing routine surgery

Kyriacou, P. A., Gregg, A., Langford, R. M. and Jones, D. P. (1998). Investigation of the characteristics of photoplethysmographic signals in the human oesophagus in anaesthetised patients undergoing routine surgery. Paper presented at the 4th Annual National Conference of the Institute of Physics & Engineering in Medicine (IPEM), Sep 1998, Brighton, UK.

Abstract

The continuous monitoring of arterial blood oxygen saturation in patients with compromised peripheral perfusion is often difficult or impossible, since conventional non-invasive techniques such as pulse oximetry (SpO2) fail. Measurements of oxygen saturation are unreliable when patients are peripherally cool with low cardiac output or poor peripheral circulation. These clinical situations commonly occur after major surgery including cardiopulmonary bypass. It is suggested that the above difficulties might be overcome if the sensor were to monitor a better perfused central part of the body such as the oesophagus. A reflection probe has been constructed utilising miniaturised opto-electronic devices designed to fit into a transparent oesophageal stomach tube. A system to detect and preprocess the photoplethysmograph (PPG) signals has been developed. The PPG output is sampled and recorded by a data acquisition system and a laptop personal computer. The characteristics of the pulsatile signal in the oesophagus of anaesthetised adult patients undergoing routine elective surgery has been investigated. Preliminary results show that good quality photoplethysmograpic (PPG) signals can be measured in the human oesophagus. The oesophageal signal amplitudes were found to be approximately a factor of two greater than the amplitudes of conventional finger PPGs. The characteristics of the PPG signals obtained at various depths in the oesophagus have been studied and the results will be presented. This investigation indicates the suitability of the oesophagus as an alternative site for the reliable monitoring of oxygen saturation (SpO2) in patients with poor peripheral perfusion.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14742
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