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Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor

Rajarajan, M., Spackova, B., Piliarik, M., Kvasnicka, P., Themistos, C. and Homola, J. (2009). Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 139(5), pp. 199-203. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2008.12.020

Abstract

A novel multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensor is reported. The sensing structure consists of a single-mode optical fiber, covered with a thin gold layer, which supports a surface plasmon (SP), and a Bragg grating. The Bragg grating induces coupling between the forward-propagating fundamental core mode and the back-propagating SP-cladding mode. As the SP-cladding modes are highly sensitive to changes in the refractive index of the surrounding medium, the changes can be accurately measured by spectroscopy of these hybrid modes. Multichannel capability is achieved by employing a sequence of Bragg gratings of different periods and their reading via the wavelength division multiplexing. Theoretical analysis and optimization based on the coupled-mode theory (CMT) is carried out and performance characteristics of the sensor are determined.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2009, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Surface plasmon resonance; Fiber optic; Bragg grating; Biosensor
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/14833
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