An equicorrelation Moulton factor in the presence of arbitrary intra-cluster correlation

Montes-Rojas, G. (2016). An equicorrelation Moulton factor in the presence of arbitrary intra-cluster correlation. Economics Letters, 145, pp. 221-224. doi: 10.1016/j.econlet.2016.06.022

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Abstract

This note highlights the potential pitfalls of using an equicorrelation model to estimate standard errors when the true model has arbitrary intra-cluster correlation. It derives a generalized equicorrelation Moulton factor that quantifies the potential biases in standard errors for OLS estimators. As with the famous Moulton factor, the key role is not played by the correlation of the error terms but rather by the intra-correlation of the covariates themselves.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Microeconometrics; Clusters; Aggregate variables; Moulton factor
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Economics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15068

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