City Research Online

Eyewitness memory: The impact of a negative mood during encoding and/or retrieval upon recall of a non-emotive event.

Thorley, C., Dewhurst, S.A., Abel, J.W. and Knott, L. (2015). Eyewitness memory: The impact of a negative mood during encoding and/or retrieval upon recall of a non-emotive event.. Memory, doi: 10.1080/09658211.2015.1058955

Abstract

The police often appeal for eyewitnesses to events that were unlikely to have been emotive when observed. An eyewitness, however, may be in a negative mood whilst encoding or retrieving such events as mood can be influenced by a range of personal, social, and environmental factors. For example, bad weather can induce a negative mood. This experiment compared the impact of negative and neutral moods during encoding and/or retrieval upon eyewitness recall of a non-emotive event. A negative mood during encoding had no impact upon the number of correct details recalled (provided participants were in a neutral mood at retrieval) but a negative mood during retrieval impaired the number of correct details recalled (provided participants were in a neutral mood at encoding). A negative mood at both time points enhanced the number of correct details recalled, demonstrating a mood-dependent memory enhancement. The forensic implications of these findings are discussed.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: eyewitness testimony; memory; mood; emotion; mood-dependent
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15440
[img]
Preview
Text - Accepted Version
Download (363kB) | Preview

Export

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics

Actions (login required)

Admin Login Admin Login