Finite-Element Model for Pretensioned Prestressed Concrete Girders

Ayoub, A. & Filippou, F. C. (2010). Finite-Element Model for Pretensioned Prestressed Concrete Girders. Journal of Structural Engineering, 136(4), pp. 401-409. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000132, 401-409

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Abstract

This paper presents a nonlinear model for pretensioned prestressed concrete girders. The model consists of three main components: a beam-column element that describes the behavior of concrete, a truss element that describes the behavior of prestressing tendons, and a bond element that describes the transfer of stresses between the prestressing tendons and the concrete. The model is based on a two-field mixed formulation, where forces and deformations are both approximated within the element. The nonlinear response of the concrete and tendon components is based on the section discretization into fibers with uniaxial hysteretic material models. The stress transfer mechanism is modeled with a distributed interface element with special bond stress-slip relation. A method for accurately simulating the prestressing operation is presented. Accordingly, a complete nonlinear analysis is performed at the different stages of prestressing. Correlation studies of the proposed model with experimental results of pretensioned specimens are conducted. These studies confirmed the accuracy and efficiency of the model.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Copyright American Society of Civil Engineers, 2014.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Prestressed concrete, Pretensioning, Finite-element method, Nonlinear analysis, Bond stress, Slip
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TH Building construction
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15538

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