Predicting the evaporation rate of stationary droplets with the VOF methodology for a wide range of ambient temperature conditions

Strotos, G., Malgarinos, I., Nikolopoulos, N. & Gavaises, M. (2016). Predicting the evaporation rate of stationary droplets with the VOF methodology for a wide range of ambient temperature conditions. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 109, pp. 253-262. doi: 10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2016.06.022

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Abstract

This paper presents CFD predictions for the evaporation of nearly spherical suspended droplets for ambient temperatures in the range 0.56 up to 1.62 of the critical fuel temperature, under atmospheric pressures. The model solves the Navier-Stokes equations along with the energy conservation equation and the species transport equations; the Volume of Fluid (VOF) methodology has been utilized to capture the liquid-gas interface using an adaptive local grid refinement technique aiming to minimize the computational cost and achieve high resolution at the liquid-gas interface region. A local evaporation rate model independent of the interface shape is further utilized by using the local vapor concentration gradient on the droplet-gas interface and assuming saturation thermodynamic conditions. The model results are compared against experimental data for suspended droplet evaporation at ambient air cross flow including single- and multi-component droplets as well as experiments for non-convective conditions. It is proved that the detailed evaporation process under atmospheric pressure conditions can be accurately predicted for the wide range of ambient temperature conditions investigated.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: VOF; Evaporation; Multi-component; High temperature
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15677

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