Ingressive speech errors: a service evaluation of speech sound therapy for a child aged 4;6

Knight, R.-A. & Roberts, L. (2016). Ingressive speech errors: a service evaluation of speech sound therapy for a child aged 4;6. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12287

[img] Text - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 27 November 2018.

Download (495kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Background: A pattern of ingressive substitutions for word-final sibilants can be identified in a small number of cases in child speech disorder, with growing evidence suggesting it is a phonological difficulty, despite the unusual surface form. Phonological difficulty implies a problem with the cognitive process of organising speech in to sound contrasts.

Aims: To evaluate phonological therapy approaches in the remediation of non-pulmonic speech errors. Thus, adding to evidence concerning the nature of ingressive substitutions and their remediation, whilst highlighting their occurrence within child speech disorder population for practising and training Speech and Language Therapists (SLTs).

Methods & Procedures: Child KO, a boy aged 4;6, was identified through a screening of speech, language and communication needs at his school. Word-final, non-pulmonic-egressive substitutes for fricatives and plosives were identified using the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology (DEAP). Treatment took place in five, weekly school-based sessions with a care-giver present, and targeted two phonemes /f/ and /ʃ/ in word-final position. Word-final /s/ was monitored throughout to capture any change in other word-final fricatives. Phonemes /ɡ/ and /p/ were used as controls, as no change was expected in word-final plosives as a result of therapy targeting fricatives. Production of single-words in the DEAP, pre and post therapy were transcribed by two independent therapists, (transcription agreement was 86.6% (pre) and 83.7% (post), with all 140 consonants within the DEAP transcribed), and change in consonants correct was analysed using a Wilcoxon test. Picture description tasks and telling of familiar stories, were videoed post therapy to analyse use of word-final fricative egression in connected speech.

Outcome & results: Percentage consonants correct in single words post-treatment was significantly higher than pre-treatment at single-word level. Generalisation of target fricatives into connected speech, and modest generalisation of non-target phonemes occurred.

Conclusions & Implications: Although ingressive speech sounds are largely absent in the sound system of English, they do occur as speech sound errors in child speech disorder and respond to phonological therapy within the context of home and school environment. Therefore, training in the phonetic identification of speech sounds outside the system of English is essential. Additionally, non-lexical factors associated with ingression also influence the child’s intelligibility and should be explored further in future research.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Knight, R.-A. & Roberts, L. (2016). Ingressive speech errors: a service evaluation of speech sound therapy for a child aged 4;6. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders, which is to be published in final form at http://informahealthcare.com/journal/lcd/. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords: child speech disorder, ingressive fricatives, non-pulmonic-egressive, phonology, evidence-based practice
Subjects: P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Language & Communication Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15847

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics