The Game-Theoretical Model of Using Insecticide-Treated Bed-Nets to Fight Malaria

Broom, M., Rychtar, J. & Spears-Gill, T. (2016). The Game-Theoretical Model of Using Insecticide-Treated Bed-Nets to Fight Malaria. Applied Mathematics, 07(09), pp. 852-860. doi: 10.4236/am.2016.79076

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Abstract

Malaria infection is a major problem in many countries. The use of the Insecticide-Treated BedNets (ITNs) has been shown to significantly reduce the number of malaria infections; however, the effectiveness is often jeopardized by improper handling or human behavior such as inconsistent usage. In this paper, we present a game-theoretical model for ITN usage in communities with malaria infections. We show that it is in the individual’s self interest to use the ITNs as long as the malaria is present in the community. Such an optimal ITN usage will significantly decrease the malaria prevalence and under some conditions may even lead to complete eradication of the disease.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Game Theory, Malaria Prevention, Optimal Strategy, Epidemic Modelling, SIS Model
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Department of Mathematical Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15858

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