Scientific and Commercial Incentives in R&D: Research versus Development?

Banal-Estanol, A. & Macho-Stadler, I. (2010). Scientific and Commercial Incentives in R&D: Research versus Development?. Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 19(1), pp. 185-221. doi: 10.1111/j.1530-9134.2009.00250.x

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Abstract

This paper proposes a framework to analyze the effects of scientific and commercial incentives in R&D organizations. We build a simple repeated model of a researcher capable of obtaining innovative ideas. Although they reduce the time spent on research, we show that commercialization incentives also affect the choice of research projects. Commercial rewards induce a more intensive search for (ex post) path-breaking innovations, which are more likely to be generated through (ex ante) riskier research programs. We derive the organization's optimal incentive scheme in terms of the researcher's characteristics. We show that organizations should use a high level of commercial incentives for scientists who have strong or weak intrinsic preferences for research. For those with strong preferences, the organization needs to induce development, whereas for those with weak ones, it needs to induce effort.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Banal-Estañol, A. and Macho-Stadler, I. (2010), Scientific and Commercial Incentives in R&D: Research versus Development?. Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, 19: 185–221., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1530-9134.2009.00250.x. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Economics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15860

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