Motivation and Personality: A Neuropsychological Perspective

Corr, P. J., Deyoung, C. G. & McNaughton, N. (2013). Motivation and Personality: A Neuropsychological Perspective. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7(3), pp. 158-175. doi: 10.1111/spc3.12016

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Abstract

Personality is strongly influenced by motivation systems that organise responses to rewards and punishments and that drive approach and avoidance behavior. Neuropsychological research has identified: (a) two avoidance systems, one related to pure active avoidance and escape, and one to passive avoidance and behavioral inhibition produced by goal-conflict; and (b) two approach systems, one related to the actions of reward seeking and one to experience and behavior related to pleasure on receiving reward. These systems mediate fluid moment-by-moment reactions to changing stimuli, with relatively stable person-specific sensitivities to these stimuli manifested in personality traits. We review what is known about these motivational traits, integrating the theory-driven approach based on animal learning paradigms with the empirical tradition of the Big Five personality model.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Corr, P. J., DeYoung, C. G. and McNaughton, N. (2013), Motivation and Personality: A Neuropsychological Perspective. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 7: 158–175., which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/spc3.12016. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/15869

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