Behavior of oscillatory tube flow at liquid-gas interfaces

Bauer, K. & Bruecker, C. (2014). Behavior of oscillatory tube flow at liquid-gas interfaces. Physics of Fluids, 26(7), 072106.. doi: 10.1063/1.4890717

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Abstract

Oscillatory flow in a long tube is characterized by an annular axial velocity profile far away from the boundaries for which an analytical solution exists. The radial velocity component is zero. Near the entrance or free surface region, this analytic solution does not hold due to the boundary conditions.Herein, the flowbehavior at a liquid-gas as well as liquid-wall interface is investigated in detail by means of flow visualization measurements and Particle Image Velocimetry. The results suggest an additional radial velocity component due to the influence of the boundary. An investigation of the phase locked flow depicts the generation of steady streaming below the free surface which could be identified by vortex rings. Their shape and velocities vary according to the boundary conditions. For low frequencies, the streaming patterns are similar for cases with liquid-gas and liquid-wall interface denoting that the surface tension does not play a role for these cases. The oscillatory amplitude dominates streaming strength. As the Womersley number increases the free surface becomes unstable and Faraday waves occur which are further analysed here. This instability interacts with the steady streaming patternswhich causes a change in shape and increases the streaming strength.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The Version of Record of this article: Bauer, K. & Bruecker, C. (2014). Behavior of oscillatory tube flow at liquid-gas interfaces. Physics of Fluids, 26(7), 072106, published by AIP Publishing, can be accessed online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4890717.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Free surface, Viscosity, Rotating flows, Reynolds stress modeling, Free surface flows
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/16749

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