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Fully-disposable multilayered phononic crystal liquid sensor with symmetry reduction and a resonant cavity

Villa-Arango, S., Torres Villa, R., Kyriacou, P. A. and Lucklum, R. (2017). Fully-disposable multilayered phononic crystal liquid sensor with symmetry reduction and a resonant cavity. Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, 102, pp. 20-25. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2017.01.051

Abstract

Phononic crystals are artificial structures with unique capabilities to control the transmission of acoustic waves. These novel periodic composite structures bring new possibilities for developing a fundamentally new sensor principle that combines features of both ultrasonic and resonant sensors. This paper reports the design, fabrication and evaluation of a phononic crystal sensor for biomedical applications, especially for its implementation in point of care testing technologies. The key feature of the sensor system is a fully-disposable multi-layered phononic crystal liquid sensor element with symmetry reduction and a resonant cavity. The phononic crystal structure consists of eleven layers with high acoustic impedance mismatch. A defect mode was utilized in order to generate a well-defined transmission peak inside the bandgap that can be used as a measure. The design of the structures has been optimized with simulations using a transmission line model. Experimental realizations were performed to evaluate the frequency response of the designed sensor using different liquid analytes. The frequency of the characteristic transmission peaks showed to be dependent on the properties of the analytes used in the experiments. Multi-layered phononic crystal sensors can be used in applications, like point of care testing, where the on-line measurement of small liquid samples is required.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Phononic crystals; Cavity resonance; Symmetry reduction; Defect mode; Biomedical sensor; Point of care technologies; Acoustic wave sensor
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/16781
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