Robust Detection of Non-Regular Interferometric Fringes From a Self-Mixing Displacement Sensor Using Bi-Wavelet Transform

Bernal, O.D., Seat, H.C., Zabit, U., Surre, F. & Bosch, T. (2016). Robust Detection of Non-Regular Interferometric Fringes From a Self-Mixing Displacement Sensor Using Bi-Wavelet Transform. IEEE Sensors Journal, 16(22), pp. 7903-7910. doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2016.2599702

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Abstract

An innovative signal processing method based on custom-made wavelet transform (WT) is presented for robust detection of fringes contained in the interferometric signal of self-mixing (SM) laser diode sensors. It enables the measurement of arbitrarily-shaped vibrations even in the corruptive presence of speckle. Our algorithm is based on the pattern recognition capability of bespoke WTs for detecting SM fringes. Once the fringes have been correctly detected, phase unwrapping methods can be applied to retrieve the complete instantaneous phase of the SM signals. Here, the novelty consists in using two distinct mother wavelets Ψr(t) and Ψd(t) specifically designed to distinguish SM patterns as well as the displacement direction. The peaks, i.e. the maxima modulus of WT, then allow the detection of the fringes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2016 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.
Uncontrolled Keywords: displacement sensor, Wavelet transform, self-mixing interferometry, speckle, fringe detection
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/17226

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