Cloud cavitation vortex shedding inside an injector nozzle

Mitroglou, N., Stamboliyski, V., Karathanassis, I. K., Nikas, K.S. & Gavaises, M. (2017). Cloud cavitation vortex shedding inside an injector nozzle. Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, 84, pp. 179-189. doi: 10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2017.02.011

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Abstract

The development and collapse of cloud cavitation and its link to surface erosion within a transparent test single-orifice nozzle operating with a closed Diesel fuel hydraulic circuit, has been characterized using high-speed imaging. Data have been obtained for a range of cavitation and Reynolds numbers under fixed lift positions. Post processing of a large number of images acquired with short exposure time (1 μs) allowed the elucidation of the distinct flow phenomena associated with the highly transient two-phase flow. At the inlet of the flow orifice, the vapour cloud was found to occupy the largest part of the nozzle hole cross-section. Coherent vortical structures of a hairpin shape have been detected to onset at the closure region of this vapour cloud and shed downstream in a fully transient manner. The effect of the operating parameters on the temporal and spatial characteristics with regards to the emergence and collapse of the hairpin vortices has been quantified. It has been established that the cavitation-vortex shedding was taking place in a periodical manner, characterized by a Strouhal number.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cloud cavitation; Injector flow; High-speed imaging; Vapour collapse; Erosion
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/17235

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