Impaired body perception in developmental prosopagnosia

Biotti, F., Gray, K. & Cook, R.J. (2017). Impaired body perception in developmental prosopagnosia. Cortex, 93, pp. 41-49. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2017.05.006

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Abstract

Developmental prosopagnosia (DP) is a lifelong neurodevelopmental disorder associated with difficulties recognising and discriminating faces. In some cases, the perceptual deficits seen in DP appear to be face-specific. However, DP is known to be a heterogeneous condition, and many cases undoubtedly exhibit impaired perception of other complex objects. There are several well-documented parallels between body and face perception; for example, faces and bodies are both thought to recruit holistic analysis and engage similar regions of visual cortex. In light of these similarities, individuals who exhibit face perception deficits, possibly due to impaired holistic processing or aberrant white matter connectivity, might also show co-occurring deficits of body perception. The present study therefore sought to investigate body perception in DP using a sensitive delayed match-to-sample task and a sizeable group of DPs. To determine whether body perception deficits, where observed, co-vary with wider object recognition deficits, observers’ face and body matching ability was compared with performance in a car matching condition. Relative to age-matched controls, the DP sample exhibited impaired body matching accuracy at the group level, and several members of the sample were impaired at the single-case level. Consistent with previous reports of wider object recognition difficulties, a number of the DPs also showed evidence of impaired car recognition.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2017, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Uncontrolled Keywords: Developmental prosopagnosia; face perception; body perception; object recognition
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/17482

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