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An eye-movement study of relational memory in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Ring, M., Bowler, D. M. and Gaigg, S. B. (2017). An eye-movement study of relational memory in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(10), pp. 2981-2991. doi: 10.1007/s10803-017-3212-3

Abstract

Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) demonstrate good memory for single items but difficulties remembering contextual information related to these items. Recently, we found compromised explicit but intact implicit retrieval of object-location information in ASD (Ring et al. 2015). Eye-movement data collected from a sub-sample of the participants are the focus of the current paper. At encoding, trial-by-trial viewing durations predicted subsequent retrieval success only in typically developing (TD) participants. During retrieval, TD compared to ASD participants looked significantly longer at previously studied objectlocations compared to alternative locations. These findings extend similar observations recently reported by Cooper et al. (2017a) and demonstrate that eye-movement data can shed important light on the source and nature of relational memory difficulties in ASD.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Implicit and explicit memory, Relational memory, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Eye movements, Encoding and retrieval
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/17569
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