Category-based grouping in working memory and multiple object tracking

Endress, A., Korjoukov, I. & Bonatti, L. L. (2017). Category-based grouping in working memory and multiple object tracking. Visual Cognition, doi: 10.1080/13506285.2017.1349229

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Abstract

Two prominent cognitive capacity limitations are the maximal number of objects we can place in working memory (WM) and the maximal number of objects we can track in a display. Both are believed to have a numeric value of 3 or 4, which has led to the proposal that we have a general cognitive capacity, and that this capacity is most likely linked to limitations of how many objects we can attend simultaneously. Based on previous results showing that we can memorize more objects if they come from different categories than if they come from the same category (e.g., Feigenson & Halberda, 2008; Wood, 2008; Wong, Peterson, & Thompson, 2008), we compare how category-based grouping affects performance for WM and multiple object tracking (MOT). We present participants with either “pure” displays of either cars or faces, or with “mixed” displays of cars and faces. Overall, the effects of category are weak. In some analyses but not others, we replicate the mixed advantage for WM, albeit with a small effect size. In contrast, we observe a weak pure advantage for MOT tasks, at least in a meta-analysis of five experiments, but not in all experiments. Accordingly, WM and MOT tasks differed significantly in their sensitivity to category membership. We also find that WM is slightly better for faces than for cars, but that no such difference exists for MOT. We tentatively suggest that cognitive capacity limitations in different domains are at least partially due to limitations of distinct mechanisms.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Visual Cognition on 3 Aug 2017, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/13506285.2017.1349229
Uncontrolled Keywords: Working memory; Interference; Temporary Memory; Memory Capacity
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/17576

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