Analysis and Control of Cable-Stayed Bridges Subject to Seismic Action

Camara, A. & Astiz, M. A. (2014). Analysis and Control of Cable-Stayed Bridges Subject to Seismic Action. Structural Engineering International, 24(1), pp. 27-36. doi: 10.2749/101686614X13830790993762

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Abstract

Cable-stayed bridges are key points in transport networks and at present one of the most challenging structures for the civil engineering community. The integrity of these bridges should be guaranteed even under extremely large earthquakes. This paper begins with a discussion of the advantages of a new non-linear static “Pushover” procedure that includes the three-dimensional contribution of the governing vibration modes. The efficacy and the accuracy of the proposed Pushover in the non-linear seismic analysis of bridges with significant coupling between the towers, deck and cable system is verified. In the second part of this paper, the seismic responses of several cable-stayed bridges have been studied, verifying the influence of the tower shape, cable arrangement and the main span length on the structural behaviour under strong ground motions. Severe damage is identified at critical tower sections by means of extensive non-linear dynamic analyses. Finally, retrofit solutions with viscous dampers (VDs) and yielding metallic dampers (MDs) connecting the deck and the tower in the transverse direction are explored. The proposed connection with dampers effectively prevents yielding of the reinforcement and cracking in the tower legs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cable-stayed bridges; nonlinear seismic behaviour; retrofit; dampers; pushover analysis; tower shape; main span
Subjects: T Technology > TG Bridge engineering
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/17692

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