Patients’ Expectations of the Functional and Psychosocial Outcomes of Orbital Decompression Surgery for Thyroid Eye Disease: A Qualitative Study

Wickwar, S., McBain, H. B., Edmunds, M., Ezra, D. G., Rose, G. E. & Newman, S. P. (2017). Patients’ Expectations of the Functional and Psychosocial Outcomes of Orbital Decompression Surgery for Thyroid Eye Disease: A Qualitative Study. Psychology, Health & Medicine,

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Abstract

Patients with appearance-altering conditions may be dissatisfied with the outcomes of reconstructive surgery due to unmet expectations. This study explored patients’ expectations of orbital decompression surgery for thyroid eye disease (TED) and whether these were met. Semi-structured interviews were conducted at two times: (1) in the weeks after patients were listed for decompression surgery and before surgery; (2) up to 12 months after surgery. Thematic analysis was performed for each time point, to identify themes within the data. Fourteen adults with TED were interviewed prior to surgery and five were followed up after surgery.

Thematic analyses found: (1) Prior to surgery, patients had formed expectations through online information about the procedure, consultations with physicians, the impact TED had on their lives, and speaking to relevant others. Patients had specific expectations about the procedure, the recovery, post-operative appearance and post-operative vision. (2) After surgery, patients generally felt their appearance and well-being had improved. However, dissatisfaction was linked to unanticipated specific aspects of surgical care, recovery, or appearance.

Dissatisfaction can arise from unmet expectations for the outcomes of reconstructive surgery. Physicians should be aware of the processes by which patients form expectations, for example different types and quality of online information. Ensuring that preoperative expectations are realistic could enhance satisfaction after surgery.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the version of an article submitted to Psychology, Health and Medicine to be published by Taylor and Francis.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Thyroid eye disease, Reconstructive surgery, Patient expectations, Psychosocial adjustment, Treatment satisfaction
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Divisions: School of Health Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/17933

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