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Multi-disciplinary perspectives: application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to evaluate a health coaching initiative

Brook, J. and Mcgraw, C. (2018). Multi-disciplinary perspectives: application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to evaluate a health coaching initiative. Health and Social Care in the Community, doi: 10.1111/hsc.12536

Abstract

Long term conditions are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. Their management is founded on a combination of approaches involving government policy, better integration between health and care systems, and individual responsibility for self-care. Health coaching has emerged as an approach to encouraging individual responsibility and enhancing the self-management of long term conditions. This paper focuses on the evaluation of a workforce initiative in a diverse and socially deprived community. The initiative sought both to improve integration between health and care services for people with long term conditions, and equip practitioners with health coaching skills. The aim of the study was to contribute an empirical understanding of what practitioners perceive to be the contextual factors that impact on the adoption of health coaching in community settings. These factors were conceptualised using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). A stratified purposive sample of 22 health and care practitioners took part in semi-structured telephone interviews. Data were analysed using the CFIR as an analytical framework. The perceptions of trainees mapped onto the major domains of the CFIR: characteristics of the intervention, outer setting, inner setting, characteristics of individuals involved, and process of implementation. Individual patient expectations, co-morbidities and social context were central to the extent to which practitioners and patients engaged with health coaching. Structural constraints within provider services and the wider NHS were also reported as discouraging initiatives that focused on long term rewards rather than short term wins. The authors recommend further research is undertaken both to understand the role of health coaching in disadvantaged communities and ensure the service user voice is heard.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Brook, J. & Mcgraw, C. (2017). Multi-disciplinary perspectives: application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to evaluate a health coaching initiative. Health and Social Care in the Community, which is published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/10.1111/hsc.12536. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Publisher Keywords: Chronic disease management; Evaluation; Multi-disciplinary working; Self-care; Health coaching
Departments: School of Health Sciences
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/18796
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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