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Imagining Artificial Intelligence Applications with People with Visual Disabilities Using Tactile Ideation

Morrison, C., Cutrell, E., Dhareshwar, A., Doherty, K., Thieme, A. and Taylor, A. (2017). Imagining Artificial Intelligence Applications with People with Visual Disabilities Using Tactile Ideation. Paper presented at the ASSETS '17 The 19th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, 29 October- -1 November 2017, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Abstract

There has been a surge in artificial intelligence (AI) technologies co-opted by or designed for people with visual disabilities. Researchers and engineers have pushed technical boundaries in areas such as computer vision, natural language processing, location inference, and wearable computing. But what do people with visual disabilities imagine as their own technological future? To explore this question, we developed and carried out tactile ideation workshops with participants in the UK and India. Our participants generated a large and diverse set of ideas, most focusing on ways to meet needs related to social interaction. In some cases, this was a matter of recognizing people. In other cases, they wanted to be able to participate in social situations without foregrounding their disability. It was striking that this finding was consistent across UK and India despite substantial cultural and infrastructural differences. In this paper, we describe a new technique for working with people with visual disabilities to imagine new technologies that are tuned to their needs and aspirations. Based on our experience with these workshops, we provide a set of social dimensions to consider in the design of new AI technologies: social participation, social navigation, social maintenance, and social independence. We offer these social dimensions as a starting point to forefront users' social needs and desires as a more deliberate consideration for assistive technology design.

Publication Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information: © Morrison, Cecily, Cutrell, Edward, Dhareshwar, Anupama, Doherty, Kevin, Thieme, Anja, Taylor, Alex S. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive Version of Record was published in Proceedings of the 19th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility, New York, NY: ACM Press. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/3132525.3132530
Publisher Keywords: Visually impaired, blind, accessibility, design, ideation, multicultural, AI, artificial intelligence
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Computer Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19127
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