Turbulent channel flow over an anisotropic porous wall - drag increase and reduction

Rosti, M. E., Brandt, L. & Pinelli, A. (2018). Turbulent channel flow over an anisotropic porous wall - drag increase and reduction. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 842, pp. 381-394. doi: 10.1017/jfm.2018.152

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Abstract

The effect of the variations of the permeability tensor on the close-to-the-wall behaviour of a turbulent channel flow bounded by porous walls is explored using a set of direct numerical simulations. It is found that the total drag can be either reduced or increased by more than 20 % by adjusting the permeability directional properties. Drag reduction is achieved for the case of materials with permeability in the vertical direction lower than the one in the wall-parallel planes. This configuration limits the wall-normal velocity at the interface while promoting an increase of the tangential slip velocity leading to an almost ‘one-component’ turbulence where the low- and high-speed streak coherence is strongly enhanced. On the other hand, strong drag increase is found when high wall-normal and low wall-parallel permeabilities are prescribed. In this condition, the enhancement of the wall-normal fluctuations due to the reduced wall-blocking effect triggers the onset of structures which are strongly correlated in the spanwise direction, a phenomenon observed by other authors in flows over isotropic porous layers or over ribletted walls with large protrusion heights. The use of anisotropic porous walls for drag reduction is particularly attractive since equal gains can be achieved at different Reynolds numbers by rescaling the magnitude of the permeability only.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This article has been published in a revised form in Journal of Fluid Mechanics https://doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2018.152. This version is free to view and download for private research and study only. Not for re-distribution, re-sale or use in derivative works. © Cambridge University Press 2018
Publisher Keywords: drag reduction, mixing enhancement, turbulence simulation
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering
School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19350

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