Positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval-induced forgetting

Marsh, L., Edginton, T., Conway, M. A. & Loveday, C. (2018). Positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval-induced forgetting. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, doi: 10.1177/1747021818758620

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Abstract

Positivity biases in autobiographical memory and episodic future thinking are considered important in mental wellbeing and are reduced in anxiety and depression. The inhibitory processes underlying retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) have been proposed to contribute to these biases. This investigation found reduced positivity in past and future thinking to be associated with reduced memory specificity alongside greater levels of anxiety, depression, and rumination. Most notably, however, RIF was found to significantly predict memory valence. This indicates that RIF may be important in maintaining such biases, facilitating the forgetting of negative memories when a positive item is actively retrieved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Marsh, L., Edginton, T., Conway, M.A., Loveday, C., Positivity bias in past and future episodic thinking: Relationship with anxiety, depression, and retrieval-induced forgetting, Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology © Experimental Psychology Society 2018. Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications.
Uncontrolled Keywords: anxiety; autobiographical memory; depression; episodic memory; future episodic thinking; positivity bias; retrieval induced forgetting.
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19365

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