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Can false memories prime problem solutions for healthy older adults and those with Alzheimer's disease?

Akhtar, S., Howe, M. L. ORCID: 0000-0002-5747-5571 and Hoepstine, K. (2018). Can false memories prime problem solutions for healthy older adults and those with Alzheimer's disease?. The Journals of Gerontology Series B,

Abstract

OBJECTIVES
Recent research has shown that false memories can have a positive consequence on human cognition in both children and young adults. The present experiment investigated whether false memories could have similar positive effects by priming solutions to insight-based problems in healthy older adults and people with Alzheimer’s disease.

METHODS
Participants were asked to solve compound remote associate task (CRAT) problems, half of which had been preceded by the presentation of Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) lists whose critical lures were also the solutions to those problems.

RESULTS
The results showed that regardless of cognitive ability, when the critical lure was falsely recognized, CRAT problems were solved more often and reliably faster than problems that were not primed by a DRM list. When the critical lure was not falsely recognized, CRAT problem solution rates and times were no different from when there was no DRM priming.

DISCUSSION
These findings are consistent with predictions from theories of associative activation and demonstrate the importance of automatic spreading activation processes in memory across the lifespan.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in 'Journals of Gerontology Series B' following peer review. The version of record Akhtar, S., Howe, M. L. & Hoepstine, K. (2018). Can false memories prime problem solutions for healthy older adults and those with Alzheimer's disease?. The Journals of Gerontology Series B, is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gby064.
Departments: School of Arts & Social Sciences > Psychology
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/19706
[img] Text - Accepted Version
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