Characteristics of the pulsating jet flow through a dynamic glottal model with a lens-like constriction

Mattheus, W. & Bruecker, C. (2018). Characteristics of the pulsating jet flow through a dynamic glottal model with a lens-like constriction. Biomedical Engineering Letters, doi: 10.1007/s13534-018-0075-2

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Abstract

A computational study of the pulsating jet in a squared channel with a dynamic glottal-shaped constriction is presented. It follows the model experiments of Triep and Brücker (J Acoust Soc Am 127(2):1537–1547, 2010) with the cam-driven model that replicates the dynamic glottal motion in the process of human phonation. The boundary conditions are mapped from the model experiment onto the computational model and the three dimensional time resolved velocity and pressure fields are numerically calculated. This study aims to provide more details of flow separation and pressure distribution in the glottal gap and in the supraglottal flow field. Within the glottal gap a ‘vena contracta’ effect is generated in the mid-sagittal plane. The flow separation in the mid-coronal plane is therefore delayed to larger diffuser angles which leads to an ‘axis-switching’ effect from mid-sagittal to mid-coronal plane. The location of flow separation in mid-sagittal cross section moves up- and downwards along the vocal folds surface in streamwise direction. The generated jet shear layer forms a chain of coherent vortex structures within each glottal cycle. These vortices cause characteristic velocity and pressure fluctuations in the supraglottal region, that are in the range of 10–30 times of the fundamental frequency.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a post-peer-review, pre-copyedit version of an article published in Biomedical Engineering Letters. The final authenticated version is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13534-018-0075-2
Publisher Keywords: Glottal jet, Axis-switching, Numerical simulation, Experimental validation, Phonation
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/20028

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