A Brücke-Bartley effect for contrast

Solomon, J. A. & Tyler, C. W. (2018). A Brücke-Bartley effect for contrast. Royal Society Open Science,

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Abstract

Accurate derivation of the psychophysical (a.k.a. transducer) function from just-noticeable differences requires accurate knowledge of the relationship between the mean and variance of apparent intensities. Alternatively, a psychophysical function can be derived from estimates of the average between easily discriminable intensities. Such estimates are unlikely to be biased by the aforementioned variance, but they are notoriously variable and may stem from decisional processes that are more cognitive than sensory. To circumvent minimise cognitive pollution, we used amplitude-modulated contrast. As the spatial or temporal (carrier) frequency increased, estimates of average intensity became less variable across observers, converging on values that were closer to mean power (i.e. contrast 2) than mean contrast. Simply put, apparent contrast increases when physical contrast flickers. This result is analogous to Brücke's finding that brightness increases when luminance flickers. It implies an expansive transduction of contrast in the same way that Brücke's finding implies an expansive transduction of luminance.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 The Authors. To be published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
Publisher Keywords: Psychophysical function, transducer function, brightness, apparent contrast, flicker
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Optometry & Visual Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/20039

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