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Computer-aided working-fluid design, thermodynamic optimisation and technoeconomic assessment of ORC systems for waste-heat recovery

White, M., Oyewunmi, O. A., Chatzopoulou, M. A., Pantaleo, A. M., Haslam, A. J. & Markides, C. N. (2019). Computer-aided working-fluid design, thermodynamic optimisation and technoeconomic assessment of ORC systems for waste-heat recovery. Energy, doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.07.098

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Abstract

The wider adoption of organic Rankine cycle (ORC) technology can be facilitated by improved thermodynamic performance and reduced costs. In this context the power system should be evaluated based on a thermeconomic assessment with the aim of improving economic viability. This paper couples the computer- aided molecular design (CAMD) of the working-fluid with thermodynamic modelling and optimisation, in addition to heat-exchanger sizing models, component cost correlations, and a thermoeconomic assessment. The proposed CAMD-ORC framework, based on the SAFT-γ Mie equation of state, allows the thermodynamic optimisation of the cycle and working-fluid in a single stage, thus removing subjective and pre-emptive screening criteria that would otherwise exist in conventional studies. Following validation, the framework is used to identify optimal working-fluids for three different heat sources (150, 250 and 350 °C), corresponding to small- to medium-scale applications. In each case, the optimal combination of working-fluid and ORC system is identified, and investment costs are evaluated. It is observed that fluids with low specific-investment costs (SIC) are different to those that maximise power output. The fluids with the lowest SIC are isoheptane, 2-pentene and 2-heptene, with SICs of 5,620, 2,760 and 2,070 £/kW respectively, and corresponding power outputs of 32.9, 136.6 and 213.9 kW.

Publication Type: Article
Additional Information: © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Publisher Keywords: Organic Rankine cycle, ORC, Computer-aided molecular-design, CAMD, Group contribution, SAFT-γ Mie, Technoeconomic
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/20127

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