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Efficient strategy to increase higher order inter-modal stability of a step index multimode fiber

Gulistan, A., Ghosh, S. ORCID: 0000-0002-1992-2289, Ramachandran, S. and Rahman, B. M. ORCID: 0000-0001-6384-0961 (2017). Efficient strategy to increase higher order inter-modal stability of a step index multimode fiber. Optics Express, 25(24), pp. 29714-29723. doi: 10.1364/OE.25.029714

Abstract

We demonstrate a novel approach to enhance the mode stability through increased effective index difference (Δneff) between the higher-order modes (LP18, LP09 and LP19) of a multimode fiber. Fibers with large diameters have bigger effective mode areas (Aeff) and can be useful for high power lasers and amplifiers. However, a large mode area (LMA) results in an increased number of modes that can be more susceptible to mode coupling. The modal effective index difference (Δneff) strongly correlates with mode stability and this increases as the modal order (m) increases. We report here that the mode spacing between the higher order modes can be further enhanced by introducing doped concentric rings in the core. In our work, we have shown a more than 35% increase in the mode spacing between the higher order modes by optimizing the doping profile of a LMA fiber. The proposed design technique is also scalable and can be applied to improve the mode spacing between different higher order modes and their neighboring antisymmetric modes, as necessary.

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Electrical & Electronic Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/20483
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