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Cataract and optic disk drusen in a patient with glycogenosis and di George syndrome: clinical and molecular report

Allegrini, D., Penco, S., Pece, A., Autelitano, A., Montesano, G., Paci, S., Montanari, C., Maver, A., Peterlin, B., Damante, G. and Rossetti, L. M. (2017). Cataract and optic disk drusen in a patient with glycogenosis and di George syndrome: clinical and molecular report. BMC Ophthalmology, 17(1), 107.. doi: 10.1186/s12886-017-0499-y

Abstract

Background
We report the ophthalmic findings of a patient with type Ia glycogen storage disease (GSD Ia), DiGeorge syndrome (DGS), cataract and optic nerve head drusen (ONHD).

Case presentation
A 26-year-old white woman, born at term by natural delivery presented with a post-natal diagnosis of GSD Ia. Genetic testing by array-comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) for DGS was required because of her low levels of serum calcium. The patient has been followed from birth, attending the day-hospital every six months at the San Paolo Hospital, Milan, outpatient clinic for metabolic diseases and previously at another eye center. During the last day-hospital visit, a complete eye examination showed ONHD and cataract in both eyes. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) was subsequently done to check for any association between the eye problems and metabolic aspects.

Conclusions
This is the first description of ocular changes in a patient with GSD Ia and DGS. Mutations explaining GSD Ia and DGS were found but no specific causative mutation for cataract and ONHD. The metabolic etiology of her lens changes is known, whereas the pathogenesis of ONHD is not clear. Although the presence of cataract and ONHD could be a coincidence; the case reported could suggest that hypocalcemia due to DGS could be the common biochemical pathway.

Publication Type: Article
Publisher Keywords: Glycogen storage disease type IA, Hypoglycemic cataract, Hypocalcemic cataract, DiGeorge syndrome, Optic disk drusen, Microdeletion 22q11.2
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Departments: School of Health Sciences > Optometry & Visual Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21311
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