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Vortex Shedding and Modal Behavior of a Circular Cylinder Equipped with Flexible Flaps

Geyer, T. F., Kamps, L., Sarradj, E. and Brücker, C. ORCID: 0000-0001-5834-3020 (2019). Vortex Shedding and Modal Behavior of a Circular Cylinder Equipped with Flexible Flaps. Acta Acustica united with Acustica, 105(1), pp. 210-219. doi: 10.3813/aaa.919301

Abstract

When a cylinder is subject to a flow, vortices will be shed that can lead to strong tonal noise. The modification of the cylinder with soft, flexible flaps made of silicone rubber has been shown to affect the vortex shedding cycle in a way that the Strouhal number associated with the vortex shedding suddenly jumps to a higher value at a certain Reynolds number. In the present study, the effect of the flexible flaps on the vortex shedding is further examined by subsequently reducing the number of flaps and additionally shortening their length. Acoustic measurements and camera recordings of the flap motion, performed in an aeroacoustic wind tunnel, suggest that the sudden jump of the Reynolds number is caused by the movement of the outer flaps. A comparison with the eigenfrequencies obtained from a numerical modal analysis of the different flap rings revealed that the cause of the Strouhal number jump is most likely a lock-in of the natural vortex shedding cycle with the next higher eigenfrequency of the outer flaps.

Publication Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
Departments: School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering > Engineering > Mechanical Engineering & Aeronautics
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/21488
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