Mylonas, Nicos (2012). Development of positioning devices for MRI-guided high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for abdominal, thyroid and brain, tumours. (Unpublished Doctoral thesis, City University London)
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High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a promising technology for a variety of therapeutic applications. This concept initiated in 1942 by Lynn Zwemer . HIFU has long been known as a minimal invasive or non-invasive procedure that destroys tissue through ablation. However, it is only in recent years that clinical applications are becoming feasible, with the development of high power ultrasound transducers compatible with the MRI scanner which is used to monitor these non-invasive HIFU applications. New technologies, combined with more sophisticated treatment methods and monitoring methods allow non-invasive procedures in many areas such as the brain, eye, breast, kidney, liver, pancreas, thyroid, uterine fibroids and pancreas. Meanwhile, new investigations are underway for treading cardiac arithmia, strokes, palliative pain treatment of bone metastases and brain disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, essential tremor, and neuropathic pain. These optimistic investigations have encouraged physicians and provided them new valuable tools for medical research.
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