Delayed self-recognition in children with autism spectrum disorder

Lind, S. E. & Bowler, D. M. (2009). Delayed self-recognition in children with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(4), pp. 643-650. doi: 10.1007/s10803-008-0670-7

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Abstract

This study aimed to investigate temporally extended self-awareness (awareness of one’s place in and continued existence through time) in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), using the delayed self-recognition paradigm (DSR; Povinelli, Landau, & Perilloux, 1996). Relative to age and verbal ability matched comparison children, children with ASD showed unattenuated performance on the DSR task, despite showing significant impairments in theory-of-mind task performance, and a reduced propensity to use personal pronouns to refer to themselves. The results may indicate intact temporally extended self-awareness in ASD. However, it may be that the DSR task is not an unambiguous measure of temporally extended self-awareness and it can be passed through strategies which do not require the possession of a temporally extended self-concept.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, metarepresentation, self-awareness, self-concept, self-recognition, theory-of-mind
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Divisions: School of Health Sciences > Department of Language & Communication Science
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/2449

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