A non-separable stochastic model for pulse-like ground motions

Lungu, A. & Giaralis, A. (2013). A non-separable stochastic model for pulse-like ground motions. Paper presented at the 11th International Conference on Structural Safety and Reliability for Integrating Structural Analysis, Risk and Reliability, 16 - 20 June 2013, New York, USA.

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Abstract

A phenomenological non-separable non-stationary stochastic model is proposed to represent near-fault pulse-like ground motions (PLGMs) by means of a parametrically defined evolutionary power spectrum (EPSD). Numerical data pertaining to ensembles of EPSD compatible realizations and considering statistical analysis of peak elastic and inelastic spectral ordinates demonstrate the applicability of the model to capture the salient effects of PLGMs to structural responses. To this aim, the model parameters are calibrated against a field recorded PLGM. Further numerical data considering stochastic processes compatible with the response spectrum of the European aseismic code (EC8) are furnished to demonstrate the potential of the proposed model for including near-fault effects to spectrum compatible representations of the seismic action. It is foreseen that this model can be a useful tool in accounting for the low-frequency content of PLGMs in both Monte Carlo simulation-based analyses and in statistical linearization based studies.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions: School of Engineering & Mathematical Sciences > Engineering
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/2812

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