Informal Jobs and Trade Liberalisation in Argentina

Montes-Rojas, G. & Acosta, P. (2013). Informal Jobs and Trade Liberalisation in Argentina (Report No. 13/10). London, UK: Department of Economics, City University London.

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Abstract

Rapid trade liberalisation can exert profound effects on labour markets. Domestic firms, to sustain competitiveness for survival, could react through cutting labour benefits to achieve cost reductions. Alternatively, trade liberalisation may alter the industry composition of firms changing the aggregate formality rates. This paper studies the relationship between trade liberalisation and informality in Argentina. Using manufacturing industry-level data for 1992-2003, the results confirm the hypothesis that trade increases informality in industries that experience sudden foreign competition. This explains about a third of the increase in informality. Sectors with higher investment ratios are able to neutralize and reverse this effect.

Item Type: Monograph (Discussion Paper)
Additional Information: © 2013 the authors.
Uncontrolled Keywords: informality; trade liberalization; Argentina
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HC Economic History and Conditions
Divisions: School of Social Sciences > Department of Economics > Department of Economics Discussion Paper Series
URI: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/id/eprint/2924

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